Cambridge 16 Academic Test 1

READING PASSAGE 1 : Questions 1-13

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

1. Polar bears suffer from various health problems due to the build-up of fat under their skin.

2. The study done by Liu and his colleagues compared different groups of polar bears.

3. Liu and colleagues were the first researchers to compare polar bears and brown bears genetically.

4. Polar bears are able to control their levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol by genetic means.

5. Female polar bears are able to survive for about six months without food.

6. It was found that the bones of female polar bears were very weak when they came out of their dens in spring.

7. The polar bear’s mechanism for increasing bone density could also be used by people one day.

Questions 8-13

Complete the table below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet.

Reasons why polar bears should be protected

- People think of bears as unintelligent and 8.

However, this may not be correct. For example:

- In Tennoji Zoo, a bear has been seen using a branch as a 9. This allowed him to knock down some 10.

- A wild polar bear worked out a method of reaching a platform where a 11. was located.

- Polar bears have displayed behaviour such as conscious manipulation of objects and activity similar to a 12.

Bears may also display emotions. For example:

- They may make movements suggesting 13. if disappointed when hunting.

- They may form relationships with other species.

READING PASSAGE 2 : Questions 14-26

Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-ix, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i     The areas and artefacts within the pyramid itself

ii     A difficult task for those involved

iii     A king who saved his people

iv     A single certainty among other less definite facts

v     An overview of the external buildings and areas

vi     A pyramid design that others copied

vii     An idea for changing the design of burial structures

viii     An incredible experience despite the few remains

ix     The answers to some unexpected questions

14. Paragraph A

15. Paragraph B

16. Paragraph C

17. Paragraph D

18. Paragraph E

19. Paragraph F

20. Paragraph G

Questions 21-24

Complete the notes below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 21-24 on your answer sheet.

The Step Pyramid of Djoser

The complex that includes the Step Pyramid and its surroundings is considered to be as big as an Egyptian 21.  of the past. The area outside the pyramid included accommodation that was occupied by 22. , along with many other buildings and features. A wall ran around the outside of the complex and a number of false entrances were built into this. In addition, a long 23. encircled the wall. As a result, any visitors who had not been invited were cleverly prevented from entering the pyramid grounds unless they knew the 24. of the real entrance.

Questions 25-26

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 25 and 26 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following points does the writer make about King Djoser?

READING PASSAGE 3 : Questions 27-40

Choose the correct letter, ABC or D.

Write the correct letter in boxes 27-30 on your answer sheet.

27. The first paragraph tells us about

28. According to the second paragraph, what is Stella Pachidi’s view of the ‘knowledge economy’?

29. What did Pachidi observe at the telecommunications company?

30. In his recently published research, Ewan McGaughey

Questions 31-34

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-G, below.

Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 31-34 on your answer sheet.

The ‘algorithmication’ of jobs

Stella Pachidi of Cambridge Judge Business School has been focusing on the ‘algorithmication’ of jobs which rely not on production but on 31. While monitoring a telecommunications company, Pachidi observed a growing 32 on the recommendations made by AI, as workers begin to learn through the ‘algorithm’s eyes’. Meanwhile, staff are deterred from experimenting and using their own 33, and are therefore prevented from achieving innovation. To avoid the kind of situations which Pachidi observed, researchers are trying to make AI’s decision-making process easier to comprehend, and to increase users’ 34 with regard to the technology.

A. pressure     B. satisfaction     C. intuition     D. promotion     E. reliance     F. confidence     G. information

Questions 35-40

Look at the following statements (Questions 35-40) and the list of people below.

Match each statement with the correct person, AB or C.

Write the correct letter, AB or C, in boxes 35-40 on your answer sheet.

NB   You may use any letter more than once.

List of people

A     Stella Pachidi

    Hamish Low

    Ewan McGaughey

35. Greater levels of automation will not result in lower employment.

36. There are several reasons why AI is appealing to businesses.

38. It is important to be aware of the range of problems that AI causes.

39. People are going to follow a less conventional career path than in the past.

40. Authorities should take measures to ensure that there will be adequately paid work for everyone

37 AI’s potential to transform people’s lives has parallels with major cultural shifts which occurred in previous eras.

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