Cambridge Academic Reading 15 Test 1

READING PASSAGE 1 : Questions 1-13

Complete the notes below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 1-8 on your answer sheet.

The nutmeg tree and fruit

- the leaves of the tree are 1.  in shape

- the 2.  surrounds the fruit and breaks open when the fruit is ripe

- the 3.  is used to produce the spice nutmeg

- the covering known as the aril is used to produce 4.

- the tree has yellow flowers and fruit

Questions 5-7

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 5-7 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

5. In the Middle Ages, most Europeans knew where nutmeg was grown.

6. The VOC was the world’s first major trading company.

7. Following the Treaty of Breda, the Dutch had control of all the islands where nutmeg grew.

Questions 8-13

Complete the table below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet.

Middle Ages

Nutmeg was brought to Europe by the 8.

16th century

European nations took control of the nutmeg trade

17th century

Demand for nutmeg grew, as it was believed to be effective against the disease known as the 9.

The Dutch

– took control of the Banda Islands

– restricted nutmeg production to a few areas

– put 10.  on nutmeg to avoid it being cultivated outside the islands

– finally obtained the island of 11.  from the British

Late 18th century

1770 – nutmeg plants were secretly taken to 12.

1778 – half the Banda Islands’ nutmeg plantations were destroyed by a 13.

READING PASSAGE 2 : Questions 14-26

Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Which section contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.

14. reference to the amount of time when a car is not in use

15. mention of several advantages of driverless vehicles for individual road-users

16. reference to the opportunity of choosing the most appropriate vehicle for each trip

17. an estimate of how long it will take to overcome a number of problems

18. a suggestion that the use of driverless cars may have no effect on the number of vehicles manufactured

Questions 19-22

Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 19-22 on your answer sheet.

The impact of driverless cars

Figures from the Transport Research Laboratory indicate that most motor accidents are partly due to 19. , so the introduction of driverless vehicles will result in greater safety. In addition to the direct benefits of automation, it may bring other advantages. For example, schemes for 20. will be more workable, especially in towns and cities, resulting in fewer cars on the road. According to the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, there could be a 43 percent drop in 21.  of cars. However, this would mean that the yearly 22.  of each car would, on average, be twice as high as it currently is. this would lead to a higher turnover of vehicles, and therefore no reduction in automotive manufacturing.

Questions 23 and 24

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 23 and 24 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO benefits of automated vehicles does the writer mention?

Questions 25 and 26

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 25 and 26 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO challenges to automated vehicle development does the writer mention?

READING PASSAGE 3 : Questions 27-40

Choose the correct letter, ABC or D.

Write the correct letter in boxes 27-32 on your answer sheet.

27. The writer refers to visitors to New York to illustrate the point that

28. According to the second paragraph, what is the writer’s view of explorers?

29. The writer refers to a description of Egdon Heath to suggest that

30. In the fourth paragraph, the writer refers to ‘a golden age’ to suggest that

31. In the sixth paragraph, when discussing the definition of exploration, the writer argues that

32. In the last paragraph, the writer explains that he is interested in

Questions 33-37

Look at the following statements (Questions 33-37) and the list of explorers below.

Match each statement with the correct explorer, A-E

List of Explorers

A     Peter Fleming

B     Ran Fiennes

C     Chris Bonington

D     Robin Hanbury-Tenison

E     Wilfred Thesiger

Write the correct letter, A-E, in boxes 33-37 on your answer sheet.

NB  You may use any letter more than once.

33. He referred to the relevance of the form of transport used.

34. He described feelings on coming back home after a long journey.

35. He worked for the benefit of specific groups of people.

36. He did not consider learning about oneself an essential part of exploration.

37. He defined exploration as being both unique and of value to others.

Questions 38-40

Complete the summary below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 38-40 on your answer sheet.

The writer’s own bias

The writer has experience of a large number of 38. , and was the first stranger that certain previously 39.  people had encountered. He believes there is no need for further exploration of Earth’s 40. , except to answer specific questions such as how buffalo eat.

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